Manmohan singh is an Indian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. The first Sikh in office, Manmohan Singh was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.
Born place : Gah, Punjab (now in Pakistan)
Date of birth : 26 September 1932
Father : Gurumukh Singh
Mother : Amrit Kaur
Wife : Gursharan Kaur
Manmohan singh biography
He was born (26 September 1932) in Gah, Punjab (now in Pakistan), Manmohan singh age is 86. Singh’s family relocated to India amid its parcel in 1947. In the wake of acquiring his doctorate in financial aspects from Oxford, Singh worked for the United Nations amid 1966– 69. He started his bureaucratic profession when Lalit Narayan Mishra enlisted him as a counselor in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Over the 1970 and 1980, Singh held a few key posts in the Government of India, for example, Chief Economic Advisor (1972– 76), Reserve Bank representative (1982– 85) and Planning Commission head (1985– 87).
In 1991, as India confronted an extreme financial emergency, recently chosen Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao accepted the objective Singh into his bureau as Finance Minister. Throughout the following couple of years, in spite of solid resistance, he as a Finance Minister completed a few basic changes that changed India’s economy. In spite of the fact that these measures demonstrated fruitful in deflecting the emergency, and upgraded Singh’s notoriety comprehensively as a main change disapproved of market analyst, the occupant Congress party fared inadequately in the 1996 general decision. In this way, Singh filled in as Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha amid the Atal Bihari Vajpayee legislature of 1998– 2004.
In 2004, when the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) came to power, its chairperson Sonia Gandhi unexpectedly relinquished the premiership to Manmohan Singh. Singh’s first ministry executed several key legislations and projects, including the Rural Health Mission, Unique Identification Authority, Rural Employment Guarantee scheme and Right to Information Act. In 2008, opposition to a historic civil nuclear agreement with the United States nearly caused Singh’s government to fall after Left Front parties withdrew their support. Although India’s economy grew rapidly under UPAI, its security was threatened by several terrorist incidents (including the 2008 Mumbai attacks) and the continuing Maoist insurgency.
The 2009 general election saw the UPA return with an increased mandate, with Manmohan Singh retaining the office of Prime Minister. Over the next few years, Singh’s second ministry government faced a number of corruption charges—over the organisation of the 2010 Commonwealth Games, the 2G spectrum allocation case and the allocation of coal blocks. After his term ended in 2014 he opted out from the race to the office of the Prime Minister of India during 2014 Indian general election.Singh was never a member of the Lok Sabha but continues to serve as a member of the Parliament of India, representing the state of Assam in the Rajya Sabha for the fifth consecutive term since 1991.
Family and Personal life
Manmohan Singh married to Gursharan Kaur in 1958. They have three daughters, Upinder Singh, Daman Singh and Amrit Singh. Upinder Singh is a professor of history at Delhi University. She has written six books, including Ancient Delhi (1999) and A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India (2008). Daman Singh is a graduate of St. Stephen’s College, Delhi and Institute of Rural Management, Anand, Gujarat, and author of The Last Frontier: People and Forests in Mizoram and a novel Nine by Nine, Amrit Singh is a staff attorney at the American Civil Liberties Union. Ashok Pattnaik, 1983 batch IPS officer, son-in-law of former Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh, was appointed CEO of National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) in 2016.
Life and education
Manmohan Singh was born to Gurmukh Singh and Amrit Kaur on 26 September 1932, in Gah,Punjab(now in pakistan) , into a Sikh family. He lost his mother when he was very young and was raised by his paternal grandmother, to whom he was very close.
After the Partition of India, his family migrated to Amritsar, India,(Manmohan singh Education) where he studied at Hindu College. He attended Panjab University, then in Hoshiarpur, Punjab, studying Economics and got his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in 1952 and 1954, respectively, standing first throughout his academic career. He completed his Economics Tripos at University of Cambridge as he was a member of St John’s College in 1957.
In a 2005 interview with the British journalist Mark Tully, Singh said about his Cambridge days:
At (Cambridge) university I first became conscious of the creative role of politics in shaping human affairs, and I owe that mostly to my teachers Joan Robinson and Nicholas Kaldor. Joan Robinson was a brilliant teacher, but she also sought to awaken the inner conscience of her students in a manner that very few others were able to achieve. She questioned me a great deal and made me think the unthinkable.
She propounded the left wing interpretation of Keynes, maintaining that the state has to play more of a role if you really want to combine development with social equity. Kaldor influenced me even more; I found him pragmatic, scintillating, stimulating. Joan Robinson was a great admirer of what was going on in China, but Kaldor used the Keynesian analysis to demonstrate that capitalism could be made to work.
After Cambridge, Singh returned to India to his teaching position at Punjab University.
In 1960, he went to the University of Oxford for the D.Phil, where he was a member of Nuffield College. His 1962 doctoral thesis under supervision of I.M.D. Little was titled “India’s export performance, 1951–1960, export prospects and policy implications”, and was later the basis for his book “India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth”.
Degree, scholarships and posts held
Manmohan singh Education,Qualifications and Scholarships
- B.A (Hons) in Economics 1952
- M.A (First Class) in Economics, 1954 Panjab University, Chandigarh (then in Hoshiarpur, Punjab), India
- Honours degree in Economics, University of Cambridge – St John’s College (1957)
- Senior Lecturer, Economics (1957–1959)
- Reader (1959–1963)
- Professor (1963–1965)
- Professor of International Trade (1969–1971)
- DPhil in Economics, University of Oxford – Nuffield College (1962)
- Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi
- Honorary Professor (1966)
- Chief, Financing for Trade Section, UNCTAD.
- United Nations Secretariat, New York
1966 : Economic Affairs Officer 1966
- Economic Advisor, Ministry of Foreign Trade, India (1971–1972)
- Chief Economic Advisor, Ministry of Finance, India, (1972–1976)
- Honorary Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (1976)
- Director, Reserve Bank of India (1976–1980)
- Director, Industrial Development Bank of India (1976–1980)
- Board of Governors, Asian Development Bank, Manila
- Secretary, Ministry of Finance (Department of Economic Affairs), Government of India, (1977–1980)
- Governor, Reserve Bank of India (1982–1985)
- Deputy chairman, Planning Commission of India, (1985–1987)
- Secretary General, South Commission, Geneva (1987–1990)
- Advisor to Prime Minister of India on Economic Affairs (1990–1991)
- Chairman, Uiversity Grants Commission (15 March 1991 – 20 June 1991)
- Finance Minister of India, (21 June 1991 – 15 May 1996)
- Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (1998–2004)
- Prime Minister of India (22 May 2004 – 26 May 2014)
Movie based on Manmohan singh(The Accidental of Prime Minister : The making and unmaking of Manmohan Singh)
The Accidental Prime Minister: The Making and Unmaking of Dr Manmohan Singh is a 2014 memoir by Indian policy analyst Sanjaya Baru, who was Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh’s media advisor from May 2004 to August 2008. Published by Penguin India, the book alleges that Singh was not entirely in control of his cabinet—or even the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO). Instead, significant power was wielded by the Congress party’s president Sonia Gandhi, to whom Singh was completely “subservient”. “There cannot be two centres of power”, Baru remembers Singh explaining to him, “That creates confusion. I have to accept that the party president is the centre of power. The government is answerable to the party.”
The PMO discharged an announcement the day The Accidental Prime Minister was discharged, rejecting the veracity of the journal, “It is an endeavor to abuse a special position and access to high office to pick up believability and to clearly misuse it for business gain. The editorial likens to fiction and shaded perspectives of a previous counsel.” Baru’s answer to the PMO’s charges was “I am entertained.” Baru disclosed to The Indian Express, “the greater part of the book is certain [about the PM]” and that he composed it primarily in light of the fact that Singh “has turned into an object of criticism, not esteem. I am appearing as a person, I need there to be compassion for him.